Ishtar gate

One of the eight main entries to the city of Babylon, the Ishtar gate today stands inside the Pergamon Museum, Berlin. The structure was moved from Iraq soon after its discovery in the early 20th century. and a two-thirds scale replica was built at its original location, commissioned by Saddam Hussein as part of a controversial reconstruction of Babylon. The original battlemented gate guarded the way to the city's main processional avenue, impressing visitors to Nebuchadnezzar's court. It is magnificently patterned with dragons and lions, worked in low-relief kiln-fired bricks glazed with liquid asphalt. The dragons symbolize Marduk, god of the city and giver of eternal life, while the lions are a symbol of the goddess Ishtar.